Jakob Hohwy

I conduct interdisciplinary research in the areas of philosophy, psychology, and neuroscience (see a full list of my publications below).

In my Cognition & Philosophy Lab in the philosophy department we conduct experiments on the nature of perception and cognition. I collaborate with a number of neuroscientists and psychologists from Monash University and around the world. I work on general theories about brain function, which say the brain is primarily a sophisticated hypothesis tester.

The Predictive Mind

My book The Predictive Mind (Oxford University Press) is available in paperback from OUP | Amazon kindle | amazon.co.uk | amazon.com | Bookdepository

There are some blog posts on my work at Brains. And there is an online reading group on the book organised by Lisa Bortolotti at Birmingham. Interviews with me on New Books in Philosophy, and in Alius and Avant.

I am Deputy Editor of the open access journal Neuroscience of Consciousness (Oxford University Press); Editor-in-Chief is Anil Seth.

NEWS: 2018 Australian Research Council Discovery Grant. The integration of perception and thought. 2019-2021. DP190101805. Jakob Hohwy; Tim Bayne; Rosalyn Moran. AU$405,000.

See my Monash University site here

Draft papers

  1. Sasan, D., Ward, P. G., Nash, M., Orchard, E. R., Farrell, M. J., Hohwy, J., & Jamadar, S. (2019, November 11). ‘Phantom Kicks’: Women’s Subjective Experience of Foetal Kicks after the Postpartum Period. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/6qad9

Papers (published/in press)

  1. Gadsby, S., Hohwy, J. (in press) Why use predictive processing to explain psychopathology? The case of anorexia nervosa. In Gouveia, Steven, Mendonca, Dina & Curado, Manuel (eds.), The Philosophy and Science of Predictive Processing, Bloomsbury.
  2. Corcoran, A., Pezzulo, G., Hohwy, J. (2020). From allostatic agents to counterfactual cognizers: Active inference, biological regulation, and the origins of cognition. Biology & Philosophy. [Preprint]
  3. Hohwy, J. (2020). Self-supervision, normativity and the free energy principle. Synthese. 10.1007/s11229-020-02622-2. [Preprint]
  4. Hohwy, J. (2020). New directions in predictive processing. Mind & Language 35(2): 209-223. doi: 10.1111/mila.12281 [preprint]
  5. Hanegraaf, L., Arunogiri, S., Hohwy, J., Verdejo-Garcia, A. (2020). Dysfunctional Personality Beliefs and Emotion Recognition in Individuals with Methamphetamine Dependence. Addictive Behaviors 105:106336.
  6. Marchi, F., Hohwy, J. (2020). The intermediate scope of consciousness in the predictive mind. Erkenntnis. https://doi-org.ezproxy.lib.monash.edu.au/10.1007/s10670-020-00222-7
  7. Matthews, J., Nagao, K. J., Ding, C., Newby, R., Kempster, P., & Hohwy, J. (2020). Impaired perceptual sensitivity with intact attention and metacognition in functional motor disorder. Cortex. PsyArXiv pre-print https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/fz3j2
  8. Parr, T., Corcoran, A., Friston, K., Hohwy, J. (2019). Perceptual awareness and active inference. Neuroscience of consciousness 29(1). DOI: 10.1093/nc/niz012.
  9. Perrykkad, K., Hohwy, J. (2020). Fidgeting as Self-Evidencing: A predictive processing account of non-goal-directed action. New ideas in psychology 56: 100750.
  10. Perrykkad, K., Hohwy, J. (2019). Modelling me, modelling you: The Autistic Self. Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders.
  11. Gordon, N., Hohwy, J., Davidson, M. J., van Boxtel, J., & Tsuchiya, N. (2019). From Intermodulation Components to Perception and Cognition- a Review. Neuroimage 199: 480-494. [Preprint at  https://doi.org/10.31219/osf.io/bwpt8].
  12. Gordon, N.,Tsuchiya, N.,Koenig-Robert, R.,Hohwy, J. (2019). Expectation and attention increase the integration of top-down and bottom-up signals in perception through different pathways. PLoS Biol 17(4): e3000233. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.3000233.
  13. Partovi, A, Zukerman, I., Zhan, K., Hamacher, N., Hohwy, J. 2019. Relationship between device performance, trust and user behaviour in a care-taking scenario. In 27th Conference on User Modeling, Adaptation and Personalization (UMAP ’19), June 9–12, 2019, Larnaca, Cyprus. ACM, New York, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.1145/3320435.3320440.
  14. Badcock, P. B, Friston, K., Ramstead, M.D., Ploeger, A., Hohwy, J. (2019) The Hierarchically Mechanistic Mind: An Evolutionary Systems Theory of the Brain, Mind and Behavior. Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience 19: 1319-1351.
  15. Kiefer, A., Hohwy, J. (2019). Representation in the Prediction Error Minimization Framework. In  Routledge Handbook to the Philosophy of Psychology. Robins, S., et al (eds.). Routledge. Pp. 384-410. doi:https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429244629.
  16. Hohwy, J. (2019). Quick’n’dirty or slow and rich? Clark on predictive processing and embodied cognition. In Andy Clark and his critics. (Eds.) L. Irvine, M. Stapleton, M. Colombo. OUP.
  17. Hohwy, J. (2019). Phenomenology and cognitive science: Don’t fear the reductionist bogey-man. Australasian Philosophical Review 2(2):138-144. [Comment on target article by Shaun Gallagher]
  18. Hohwy, J. (2019). Quick’n’dirty or slow and rich? Clark on predictive processing and embodied cognition. In Andy Clark and his critics. (Eds.) L. Irvine, M. Stapleton, M. Colombo. OUP.
  19. Hohwy, J. (2019). Phenomenology and cognitive science: Don’t fear the reductionist bogey-man. Australasian Philosophical Review 2(2):138-144. [Comment on target article by Shaun Gallagher].
  20. Gordon, N.,Tsuchiya, N.,Koenig-Robert, R.,Hohwy, J. (2019). Expectation and attention increase the integration of top-down and bottom-up signals in perception through different pathways. PLoS Biol 17(4): e3000233. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.3000233.
  21. Van De Cruys, S., Perrykkad, K., Hohwy, J. (2019). Explaining hyper-sensitivity and hypo-responsivity in autism with a common predictive coding-based mechanism. Cognitive Neuroscience: 1-2. Commentary on ‘Individual differences in sensory sensitivity: A synthesizing framework and evidence from normal variation and developmental conditions’ by Jamie Ward.
  22. Kent, L., Van Doorn, G., Hohwy, J., Klein, B. (2019). Bayes, Time Perception, and Relativity: The Central Role of Hopelessness. Consciousness & Cognition 69: 70-80.
  23. Corcoran, A., Hohwy, J. (2018). Allostasis, interoception, and the free energy principle: Feeling our way forward. In The Interoceptive Mind. (Eds.) Manos Tsakiris & Helena De Preester. OUP Press.
  24. Julian Matthews, Wu, J., Corneille, V., Hohwy, J., van Boxtel, J., Tsuchiya, N. (2018). Sustained conscious access to incidental memories in RSVP.  Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics.
  25. Ding, C., Palmer, C., Hohwy, J., Youssef, G., Paton, B., Tsuchiya, N., Stout, J., Thyagarajan, D. (2018). Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson’s disease changes perception in the Rubber Hand Illusion. Scientific Reports vol. 8, Article number: 13842 (2018).
  26. Hohwy, J. (2018). Prediction error minimization in the brain. In Routledge
    Handbook to the Computational Mind. M. Sprevak and M. Colombo (eds.). Oxford: Routledge. pp. 159-172.
  27. Hohwy, J. (2018). The predictive processing hypothesis. In The Oxford Handbook of 4E Cognition. Newen, A, Bruin, L., Gallagher, S. (eds.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Pp. 129-146.
  28. Castine, B. R., N. Albein-Urios, O. Lozano-Rojas, J. M. Martinez-Gonzalez, J. Hohwy and A. Verdejo-Garcia (2018). Self-awareness deficits associated with lower treatment motivation in cocaine addiction. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse: 1-7.
  29. Van Doorn, G., De Foe, A., Wood, A., Wagstaff, D., Hohwy, J. (2018). Down the rabbit hole: Assessing the influence of schizotypy on the experience of the Barbie Doll Illusion. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry 23(5): 284-298.
  30. Corcoran, A. W., G. Pezzulo and J. Hohwy (2018). Commentary: Respiration-Entrained Brain Rhythms Are Global but Often Overlooked. Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience 12(25).
  31. Bayne, T., J. Hohwy and A. M. Owen (2018). Response to ‘Minimally conscious state or cortically mediated state?’. Brain: awy023-awy023. Letter to the editor. Response from Naccache.
  32. Carter, O., J. Hohwy, J. van Boxtel, V. Lamme, N. Block, C. Koch and N. Tsuchiya (2018). Conscious machines: Defining questions. Science 359(6374): 400-400. [Letter to the editor].
  33. Bayne, T., Hohwy, J., Owen, A. (2017). Reforming the Taxonomy in Disorders of Consciousness. Annals of Neurology. DOI: 10.1002/ana.25088.
  34. Hohwy, J., Michael, J. (2017). Why should any body have a self? In The Subject’s matter: Self-consciousness and the body. Vignemont, F., Alsmith, A. (eds.). MIT Press.
  35. John Michael, J, Wolf, T., Letesson, C., Butterfill, S., Skewes, J., Hohwy, J. (in print). Seeing it both ways: Using a double-cueing task to investigate the role of spatial cueing in level-1 visual perspective-taking. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 44(5):693–702.
  36. Burgess, J., Lum, J., Hohwy, J., Enticott, P. (2017). Echoes on the motor network: How internal motor control structures afford sensory experience. Brain Structure and Function. DOI: 10.1007/s00429-017-1484-1.
  37. Kiefer, A., Hohwy, J. (2017). Content and misrepresentation in hierarchical generative models. Synthese 195(6), 2387-2415. Special issue on Predictive Brains. M. Kirchhoff (ed.). 10.1007/s11229-017-1435-7.
  38. Hohwy, J. (2017). How to entrain your evil demon. In T. Metzinger & W. Wiese (Eds.). Philosophy and predictive processing. Frankfurt am Main: MIND Group. doi: 10.15502/9783958573048. ISBN: 978-3-95857-138-9.
  39. Gordon, N., Koenig-Robert, R., Tsuchiya, N., van Boxtel, J.J.A., Hohwy, J. (2017) Neural markers of predictive coding under perceptual uncertainty revealed with Hierarchical Frequency Tagging. eLife 2017;10.7554/eLife.2274
  40. Ding, C. Palmer, C., Jakob Hohwy, J., Youssef, G.J., PhD; Paton, P., Tsuchiya, N., C Stout, J., Thyagarajan, D. (2017). Parkinson’s disease alters multisensory perception: insights from the Rubber Hand Illusion. Neuropsychologia 97: 38–45.
  41.  Palmer, C., Lawson, B., Hohwy, J. (2017). Bayesian approaches to autism: towards volatility, action, and behaviour. Psychological Bulletin 143(5): 521-542.
  42. Hohwy, J. (2017). Priors in perception: Top-down modulation, Bayesian perceptual learning rate, and prediction error minimization. Consciousness & Cognition 47: 75-85. Special issue on predictive coding and cognitive penetration edited by A Newen, F Marchi, and P Brössel.
  43. Bayne, T., Hohwy, J., Owen, A. (2016). “Response to Fazekas and Overgaard: Degrees and Levels.” Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20(10): 716-717.
  44. Hohwy, J. Prediction, agency and body ownership. (2016). In: The Pragmatic Turn: Toward Action-Oriented Views in Cognitive Science, ed. A. K. Engel, K. J. Friston, and D. Kragic. Strüngmann Forum Reports, vol. 18, J. Lupp, series editor. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  45. Bayne, T., Hohwy, J., Owen, A. (2016). Are there levels of consciousness? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20(6): 405-413.
  46. Bayne, T., Hohwy, J. (2016). Modes of consciousness. In Finding Consciousness: The neuroscience, ethics and law of severe brain damage. W. Sinnott-Armstrong (ed.), New York: Oxford University Press. Pp. 57-82.
  47. Hohwy, J. (2015) Prediction error minimization, mental and developmental disorder, and statistical theories of consciousness. In Disturbed Consciousness: New Essays on Psychopathology and Theories of Consciousness, R. Gennaro (ed.) Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, pp. 293-324.
  48. Hohwy, J., Paton, B., Palmer, C. (2015). Distrusting the Present. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 15(3): 315-335. DOI: 10.1007/s11097-015-9439-6
  49. Van Doorn, G., Paton, B., Howell, J., Hohwy, J. (2015). Attenuated self-tickle sensation even under trajectory perturbation. Consciousness & Cognition 36: 147-153. doi:10.1016/j.concog.2015.06.016
  50. Hohwy, J. & Bayne, T. (2015). The Neural Correlates of Consciousness: Causes, Confounds and Constituents. In The Constitution of Phenomenal Consciousness: Toward a science and theory. S. Miller (ed). Amsterdam: John Benjamins, pp155 – 176.
  51. Palmer, C., Seth, A., Hohwy, J. (2015). The felt presence of other minds: predictive processing, counterfactual predictions, and mentalising in autism. Consciousness & Cognition 36: 376–389. doi:10.1016/j.concog.2015.04.007
  52. Klein, C., Hohwy, J. (2015). Variability, convergence, and dimensions of consciousness. In Behavioural Methods in Consciousness Research. M Overgaard (ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  53. Seth, A., He, B., Hohwy, J. (2015). Editorial. Neuroscience of Consciousness.
  54. Palmer, C. J., Paton, B., Kirkovski, M., Enticott, P. G., Hohwy, J. (2015). Context sensitivity in action decreases along the autism spectrum: a predictive processing perspective. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 282(1802). . [IFL Science write-up]
  55. Hohwy, J. (2015). The neural organ explains the mind. Open MIND. Metzinger, T., and Windt, J. (eds.). (With commentator Dominic Harkness: From explanatory ambition to explanatory power, and response from me: Varieties of Bayesian explanation.) A print version of this work is forthcoming with MIT Press 2016.
  56. Palmer, C., Paton, B., Enticott, P., Hohwy. J. (2015). ‘Subtypes’ in the presentation of autistic traits in the general adult population. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 45(5): 1291-1301.   DOI:10.1007/s10803-014-2289-1.
  57. Hohwy, J., Palmer, C. (2014). Social cognition as causal inference: implications for common knowledge and autism. In Mattia Gallotti and John Michael (Eds.), Social Ontology and Social Cognition, Springer Series “Studies in the Philosophy of Sociality”, Vol. 4.
  58. Kaplan, R.A., Enticott, P.G., Hohwy, J., Castle, D.J., Rossell, S.L. (2014). Is Body Dysmorphic Disorder Associated with Abnormal Bodily Self-Awareness? A Study Using the Rubber Hand Illusion. PLoS ONE 9(6):e99981.
  59. Hohwy, J. (2014) Elusive phenomenology, counterfactual awareness, and presence without mastery (Commentary on target article by Anil Seth). Cognitive Neuroscience.
  60. Hohwy, J. (2014). The self-evidencing brain. Noûs. doi: 10.1111/nous.12062.
  61. Bayne, T. Hohwy, J. 2014. Global Disorders of Consciousness. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science 5(2): 129–138.
  62. van Doorn, G., Hohwy, J., Symmons, M. 2014. Can you tickle yourself if you swap bodies with someone else? Consciousness & Cognition 23: 1-11. [Penultimate draft]. Written up in New Scientist; listed on BBC; BBC post.
  63. Bayne, T., Hohwy, J. 2013. Consciousness: Theoretical approaches. In A.E. Cavanna, A. Nani, H. Blumenfeld, S. Laureys (eds.), Neuroimaging of Consciousness, 23. Berlin: Springer Verlag. DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-37580-4_2.
  64. Palmer, C., Paton, B., Barclay, L., Hohwy, J. 2013. Equality, efficiency, and sufficiency: Responding to multiple parameters of distributive justice during charitable distribution. The Review of Philosophy and Psychology 4(4) 659-674.
  65. Palmer, C., Paton, B., Hohwy, J., Enticott, P. 2013. Movement under uncertainty: The effects of the rubber-hand illusion vary along the nonclinical autism spectrum. Neuropsychologia 51(10): 1942-1951.
  66. Paton, B., Skewes, J., Frith, C., Hohwy, J. 2013. Skull-bound perception and precision optimization through culture. Behavioural and Brain Sciences. 36(3):42. Commentary on target paper by Andy Clark.
  67. Hohwy, J. 2013. Delusions, illusions, and inference under uncertainty. Mind & Language 28: 57-71. DOI: 10.1111/mila.12008.
  68. Palmer, C. J. Paton, B., T. Ngo, T. T., Thomson, R. H., Hohwy, J., and M. Miller, S. M. 2013. Individual differences in moral behavior: A role for response to risk and uncertainty? Neuroethics. Online First. 2012DOI: 10.1007/s12152-012-9158-4.
  69. Van Doorn, G., Hohwy, J., Symmons, M. 2012. Capture of kinesthesis by a competing cutaneous input. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics 74(7): 1539-1551. DOI: 10.3758/s13414-012-0327-7.
  70. Hohwy, J. 2012. Attention and conscious perception in the hypothesis testing brain. Frontiers in Psychology 3:96. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00096. See also the Frontiers Research Topic, edited by N. Tsuchiya and J. v Boxtel.
  71. Paton, B., Hohwy, J., Enticott, P. 2012. The rubber hand illusion reveals proprioceptive and sensorimotor differences in autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 42(9): 1870-1883,. DOI: 10.1007/s10803-011-1430-7. [Final draft]
  72. Hohwy, J. & Rajan, V. 2012. Delusions as Forensically Disturbing Perceptual Inferences. Neuroethics 5(1): 5-11. doi: 10.1007/s12152-011-9124-6
  73. Hohwy, J. & Fox, E. 2012. Preserved aspects of consciousness in disorders of consciousness: A review and conceptual analysis. Journal of Consciousness Studies. 19 (3-4): 87-120.
  74. Hohwy, J. 2011. Phenomenal variability and introspective reliability. Mind & Language 26(3): 261-286.
  75. Hohwy, J. 2011. Mind-brain identity and evidential insulation. Philosophical Studies 153(3): 377-395. doi: 10.1007/s11098-010-9524-1.
  76. Hohwy, J., Paton, B. 2010. Explaining away the body: experiences of supernaturally caused touch and touch on non-hand objects within the rubber hand illusion. PLoS ONE 5(2): e9416. http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0009416.
  77. Hohwy, J. 2010. The hypothesis testing brain: some philosophical implications. In ASCS09: Proceedings of the 9th Conference of the Australasian Society for Cognitive Science. Edited by Wayne Christensen, Elizabeth Schier, and John Sutton. Sydney: Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science.
  78. Hohwy, J. 2009. The neural correlates of consciousness: new experimental approaches needed? Consciousness and Cognition. 18: 428-438.
  79. Hohwy, J., Reutens, D. 2009. A case for increased caution in end of life decision for disorders of consciousness. Monash Bioethics Review 28, No. 2: 13.1-13.13.
  80. Hohwy, J., Roepstorff, A., Friston, K. 2008. Predictive coding explains binocular rivalry: an epistemological review. Cognition 108 (3): 687-701.
  81. Hohwy, J. 2007. Functional integration and the mind. Synthese 159(3): 315-328.
  82. Hohwy, J. 2007. The Sense of Self in the Phenomenology of Agency and Perception. Psyche 13/2 (Susanna Siegel, ed.).
  83. Hohwy, J. 2007. The Search for Neural Correlates of Consciousness. Philosophy Compass 2/3: 461-474.
  84. Hohwy, J. 2006. Internalized meaning factualism. Philosophia, Philosophical Quarterly of Israel 34:3: 325-336.
  85. Hohwy, J., Rosenberg, R. 2005. Cognitive neuropsychiatry: conceptual and methodological issues. World Journal of Biological Psychiatry 6(3): 192-197.
  86. Hohwy, J., Rosenberg, R. 2005. Unusual experiences, reality testing and delusions of alien control. Mind & Language 20(2): 141-162.
  87. Hohwy, J. 2005. Explanation and two conceptions of the physical. Erkenntnis 62: 71-89.
  88. Hohwy, J., Frith, C. 2004. Can neuroscience explain consciousness? Journal of Consciousness Studies, 11 (7-8): 180-198.
  89. Hohwy, J. 2004. Evidence, explanation, and experience: On the harder problem of consciousness. The Journal of Philosophy CI (5): 242-254. Also found on Ned Block’s webpages.
  90. Hohwy, J. 2004. The experience of mental causation. Behaviour and Philosophy 32, 377-400.
  91. Hohwy, J. 2004. Top-down and bottom-up in delusion formation. Philosophy, Psychiatry and Psychology 11(1): 65-70.
  92. Hohwy, J., Frith, C. 2004. Studies of the neural correlates of consciousness can do better, but are on the right track. Journal of Consciousness Studies 11(1): 45–51.
  93. Hohwy, J. 2003. Capacities, explanation and the possibility of disunity. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 17(2): 179–190.
  94. Hohwy, J. 2003. Critical Notice: When Self-Consciousness Breaks, by Lynn Stephens & Graham. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry 8: 237–242.
  95. Hohwy, J. 2003. A reductio of Kripke-Wittgenstein’s objections to dispositionalism about meaning, Minds and Machines 13(2): 257–268.
  96. Hohwy, J. 2002. Deflationism about truth and meaning. Southern Journal of Philosophy 40: 217–242.
  97. Hohwy, J. 2002. Privileged self-Knowledge and externalism: A contextualist approach. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 83: 235–252.
  98. Hohwy, J. 2001. Semantic primitivism and normativity. Ratio 14: 1–17.
  99. Gold, I., Hohwy, J. 2000. Rationality and schizophrenic delusion. Mind and Language 15: 146–167, 2000. Also in Pathologies of Belief, M. Coltheart & M. Davies (eds.), Oxford: Blackwell.
  100. Hohwy, J. 1997. Quietism and cognitive command. Philosophical Quarterly 47: 496–500.

Popular Media

Hohwy, J. & Hede, J. A winning rhetoric – The rhetorical move that got Trump elected in spite of his outrageous words.

National Public Radio. Interview about self-tickle (heavily edited).
Ananthswamy, A. Tickling yourself is impossible even when in another’s shoes. New Scientist. A write up on our body swap and tickle study.
Marshall, T. Up close and personal with Uta Frith. Australian Autism Aspergers Network Magazine 1/2013. A write up on mentor and collaborator Uta Frith.
Lenzen, M. Das Hypothesen testende Gehirn. Gehirn und Geist 4/2013. [A write up in German, partly on my book]
Hohwy, J. Adventures in blobology: 20 years of fMRI brain scanning. The Conversation, 3rd November 2011.

With Bryan Paton, I  organised the Australasian Society for Cognitive Science Conference (Dec. 8-10 2014).


How to pronounce ‘Hohwy’?

‘Hoh’ is pronounced a bit like first bit of ‘holistic’ [ho]
The ‘w’ is pronounced more like an English ‘v’
The ‘y’ is pronounced like the first bit of ‘ypsilon’